How do you feel about legalized gambling?

The following essay is what I wrote as an assignment of English writing course at an English school AEON:

Topic: How do you feel about legalized gambling?
Style: Formal

Gambling in general is illegal in Japan as stated in the article 185 of the Japanese penal law. There are, however, so many special laws that define some types of special gambling as legal. Among them, there are keiba (horse race), keirin (bicycle race), kyoutei (boat race), auto-race (motorbike race), and some lotteries such as takara-kuji or TOTO. In addition to those, a popular type of gambling called pachinko and pachi-slot still exists. By playing pachinko or pachi-slot, you can get money. Although there have been a lot of controversies whether pachinko and pachi-slot are legal or not, they are allegedly legal recently.
What is most surprising is the amount of sales for each type of legal gambling. Among all leisure industries in Japan, pachinko and pachi-slot occupy 30.5% of money spent, namely 21,626 Billion JPY ($197 Billion) in 2017. The sales of all other legal gambling was around 4 Trillion JPY ($36 Billion) in 2015. Although other gambling sales are just 20% of those of pachinko and pachi-slot, the incomes are crucial for many local governments in Japan. While there are a lot of negative things about gambling, legal gambling is practically a necessary evil in Japan.
If we play devil’s advocate, there might be some positive factors in gambling. In gambling, we can learn how our fortune goes or flows in relation with your counterparts. If we can gamble just when we are lucky and can stop it when we are not, it will bring big success. Do not forget the Cicero’s words: “Non solum fortuna ipsa est caeca sed etiam eos caecos facit quos semper adjuvat.” (Not only the goddess of fortune is blind, but she makes him also blind whom she always helps).
Now that the Japanese government is trying to install casinos around Japan, this topic is quite viral and controversial. We can see not only people in serious gambling addiction, but also Japan itself relies too much on income from gambling. For what is Japan profited, if it shall gain the whole world, and lose its own soul?


ただ問題は、試験の実施回数が少なくて、結局今申し込んだら横浜の試験会場ではようやく取れたのが5月11日のでした。また料金も税込みで¥25,380とかなり高いです。更には本人認証として使えるのはパスポートのみであり、その画像をアップロードして登録しないといけません。結果は4技能それぞれ、レベル0から9までのバンドスコアで出ます。私のTOIEC L&Rレベルだと、目標は7~7.5です。

TOEIC L&R 237回の成績通知とリスニングが満点になった推定理由

TOEIC 237回の正式な成績通知が今日届きました。でリスニングは今回初めて495点の満点だったんですが、各パートの正解率を見る限り、何でこれで495点が取れたのか非常に不思議です。おそらく100問の内の正解数はせいぜい95~96問ぐらいだ思います。それで満点となる理由ですが、

School trips

The following is my essay that I wrote as an assignment for an English school AEON:

Topic: School trips
Style: Casual

I like travelling, but I am not a fan of school trip in general. The biggest reason is cost. The average amount of a school trip in junior high schools in Japan is around 63,000 Yen ($600), while that a high school trip is around 100,000 Yen ($910). They are rather fair amount of money, and in public schools, there are some students who cannot join a school trip because their parents cannot afford it.
Secondly, it is almost annoying for me to see many students in the same uniform (usually all black) in some famous sight-seeing spots. Students are not soldiers, so I do not understand why schools train them to act in the same way even outside the schools.
Such students who experienced school trips, may choose packaged tours when they want to visit foreign countries even after they started to work. I have many experiences of travelling in foreign countries both on business and in private, but I have never ever used such package tours. Planning and arranging a trip is one of the essential parts of a travel, IMHO. For example, when I travelled to Italy in May in 2018, I first tried to book the flights by comparing charges of different flight companies. Then I booked an opera at the theater Scala in Milan, which was the biggest purpose of the trip. I also booked tours to some famous museums in Italy. Then I booked inland transportation, both a flight and trains. I booked trains at the TRENITALLIA’s site. Finally, I booked hotels on the Internet using a service of called All these tasks are important parts of a travel for me, and I do not want to leave them to others.
Travelling in a big group may lessen the chance to communicate with local people and to use local languages.
I would like to suggest schools in Japan to adopt a new way of travelling for their students: to let their students travel alone. The budget for the trip is predetermined. Students must select some appropriate ways of transportation within the budget by themselves. They also select the destinations by themselves as well. After they have finished their travels, they should write a report for the trip they planned by themselves. In a Japanese saying, it goes that “let your lovely child travel”.

TOEIC S&Wの結果と採点に関する疑問






が考えられますが、(2)は本来の目的の英語力の向上という意味では、ある意味不毛で、TOEIC S&Wというほとんど世の中には知られていないテストで高得点を取るためにそんな勉強をするのは時間の浪費と思います。